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NEWFOUNDLAND: THE ARISTOCRAT AMONG DOGS. The dogs which take their name from the island of Newfoundland appeal to any or all lovers of animals.

There are now two established varieties, the black, and so, the white and black. There are bronze-colored dogs, but they're rare. The black sort of Newfoundland is black; but this does, it mean that there's also no other color, for several black Newfoundlands have some white marks.

A white marking on the chest is claimed to be typical of a verity breed. Any white on the top or body would place the dog within the apart from the black variety.

The black color should preferably be of a dull jet appearance which approximates to brown. Within the but black class, there could even be black and tan, bronze, and white and black.

The latter predominates, and through this color, the wonder of marking is incredibly important. the highest should be black with a white muzzle and blaze, and so, the body and legs should be white with large patches of black on the saddle and quarters, with possibly other small black spots on the body and legs. aside from color, the varieties should conform to the identical standard. the highest should be broad and enormous, but in no sense heavy in appearance.

The muzzle should be short, square, and clean-cut, eyes rather wide apart, deep-set, dark, and tiny, not showing any haw; ears small with an in-depth side carriage, covered with fine short hair (there should be no fringe to the ears), expression full of intelligence, dignity, and kindness.

The body should be long, square, and big, loins strong and well filled; chest deep and broad; legs quite straight, somewhat short in proportion to the length of the body, and powerful, with bone well covered with muscle; feet large, round, and close.

The tail should be only long enough to reach slightly below the hocks, free from kink, and never curled over the rear. the quality of the coat is incredibly important; the coat should be very dense, with many undercoats; the outer coat somewhat harsh and quite straight. the looks generally should indicate a dog of great strength, and very active for his build and size, moving freely with the body swung loosely between the legs, which supplies a little appearance gait.

As regards size, the Newfoundland Club standard gives 140 lbs. to 120 lbs. weight for a dog, and 110 lbs. to 120 lbs. for a bitch, with a median height at the shoulder of 27 inches (ca. 69 cm) and 25 inches (ca. 64 cm) respectively; but it's doubtful whether dogs in proper condition do conform to both requirements.

When rearing puppies give them soft food, like well-boiled rice and milk, as soon as they'll lap, and, shortly afterward, scraped lean meat. Newfoundland's puppies require much meat to induce proper growth.

The puppies should increase in weight at the speed of three lbs. a week, and this necessitates many flesh, bone, and muscle-forming food, many types of meat, both raw and cooked. Milk is additionally good, but it requires to be strengthened with casein.

The key to growing full-sized dogs with plenty of bone and substance is to induce an honest start from birth, good feeding, warm, dry quarters, and freedom for the puppies to maneuver about and exercise themselves as they have. Forced exercise may make them tumble wrong on their legs.

The drugs should not be required except worms, and also the puppies should be physicked for these soon after they're weaned, and again when three, or four months old, or before that if they don't seem to be thriving.

If free from worms, Newfoundland puppies are visiting be found quite hardy, and, under proper conditions of food and quarters, they're easy to rear.


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